13 September, 2017
Several diplomats said the USA demand for a speedy council vote was aimed at putting maximum pressure on China and reflected Washington's escalating concern over North Korea's latest nuclear test, which its leaders touted as a hydrogen bomb, and its recent ballistic missile launch over Japan.
The United had originally pushed for a strict oil embargo, as well as a freeze on the assets of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.
In significant changes from the complete ban on all oil imports in the original US text, the revised resolution would require all countries to cap crude oil imports to North Korea at the level they supplied, sold or transferred during the 12-month period before the resolution's adoption.
"Today, the situation on the Korean peninsula is approaching the brink of war because of the hysterical United States hype aimed at strangling N. Korea", the diplomat said at a gala reception on the occasion of the 69th anniversary of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
The measures to punish Pyongyang for its September 3 nuclear test also ban the country from importing natural gas liquids and condensates, and limit the import of refined petroleum products to 2 million barrels a year.
"If the worldwide community remains united and resolute, we can deter North Korea from its course".
'We need to use every ounce of leverage.to put maximum pressure on this rogue regime, ' he said at a committee hearing on ways to pressure North Korea. It said the USA would pay a heavy price if the sanctions proposed by Washington are adopted.
China - North Korea's most powerful ally - said Monday that it supported the Security Council's plan for a "further response" to North Korea and to take "necessary actions".
Repeated sanctions have failed to deter North Korea's weapons program.
It was the ninth such resolution unanimously adopted by the 15-member Security Council over North Korea's ballistic missile and nuclear programs since 2006.
The final resolution contains reduced sanctions on oil and no longer proposes blacklisting the North Korean leader, a copy obtained by Reuters news agency shows.
"We definitely see sanctions being a big lever driving this sort of activity", said Luke McNamara, a researcher at FireEye and author of the new report.
The refinery turns the oil into refined products for North Korea's government, military, transport, agricultural and fishing sectors, according to 38 North, a website run by the US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. "We are firmly sticking to the principle of denuclearization".
"If it agrees to stop its nuclear programme, it can reclaim its future ... if North Korea continues its unsafe path, we will continue with further pressure", said Haley, who credited a "strong relationship" between US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping for the successful resolution negotiations.
The DPRK stands for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, North Korea's official name.
The softening was likely meant to prevent Russian Federation and China from using their vetoes to overrule the resolution.